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English NameCommon Redshank
Scientific NameTringa totanus
German NameRotschenkel
Spanish NameArchibebe Común
French NameChevalier gambette
<[Scolopax] totanus [as Totanus] Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae,editio decima,tom.1,p.145;based on "Totanus" of Gesner,1617-21 et al. ("Habitat in Europa",restricted type locality, Sweden,ex Fauna Svecica,p.149.)
>Totanus Bechstein,1803,Ornithologisches Taschenbuch von und für Deutschland,2,p.282.Type,by tautonymy,Totanus maculatus Bechstein = Scolopax totanus Linnaeus.
>Note:Totanus contains only T.totanus.
|Carites Billberg,1828,Synopsis Faunae Scandinaviae,1,Teil 2,pl.A and p.143. New name for Totanus Bechstein,1803. (= Totanus)
#Tringa totanus robusta {br.Iceland,Faeroes,nUnited Kingdom:Orkneys;winters swIceland,United Kingdom,Ireland,nwFrance}
<Totanus calidris robustus Schiøler,1919,Dansk Ornithologisk Forenings Tidsskrift,13,p.211. (Iceland.)
$Tringa totanus robusta Hartert,1921,Die Vögel der paläarktischen Fauna,Heft XIII-XIV(Feb.),p.1611.
#Tringa totanus britannica {br.nUnited Kingdom:Orkneys.Shetlands,nwFrance}
<Tringa totanus britannica Mathews,1935,British Birds,29,p.152.New Name for Tringa totanus bewickii Ticehurst,1932 (see note below). ("England" and "southern England,restricted to Yarmouth,Norfolk by Clancy,1947,Ibis,p.511.)
Note1#:Hale,1971,Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society,50,pp.199-268 considered the British breeding population of Redshank as a hybrid swarm between the Icelandic and W European breeding populations.However,Engelmoer & Roselaar,1998,Geographical
#(ctd): Variation in Waders,p.242 stated:"Our data showed large size differences from both Icelandic and N Fennoscandian populations.Since we do not agree with the hybrdisation criteria postulated by Hale,it was impossible to follow his classification.
#(ctd): We therefore re-introduce britannica for the breeding populations of the Netherlands,Germany,Denmark, the S Baltic and S and E England." Here we follow Delany & Scott,2002,Waterbird Population Estimates,p.173 in restricting the breeding range of
#(ctd): britannica to Britain and Ireland, also wintering in NW France.
Note2<:According to Vaurie,1965,The Birds of the Palearctic Fauna,Non-Passerines,p.410,fn 1,"Ticehurst...adopted for [the birds breeding in Britain] the name Totanus Beweckii of Rennie,but it has been shown that Rennie's bird was a Ruff (Philomachus
(ctd<): pugnax, not Tringa totanus."
$Tringa calidris Fleming,1828,A History of British Animals,p.102. (Britain). Not Scolopax calidris Linnaeus,1766.
$Tringa totanus bewickii Peters,1934,Checklist of Birds of the World,2,p.265. Not Totanus bewickii Rennie,1831.
#Tringa totanus totanus {br.nNorway,nSweden,nFinland S to Spain,nItaly,Tunisia,and Turkey,E to wSiberia;winters from Britain,Mediterranean to west & Subsaharan Africa}
$Gambetta Aldrovandus,1603-81,Ornithologiae,hoc est de Avibus Historiae libri XII,bk 20,p.26.
$Le Chevalier rayé Brisson,1760,Ornithologia sive synopsis methodice sistens Avium divisiones in ordine,5,p.196,pl.18,fig.1.
$Le Chevalier tacheté Brisson,1760,Ornithologia sive synopsis methodice sistens Avium divisiones in ordine,5,p.200,pl.18,fig.2.
$[Tringa] gambetta [as Gambetta] Linnaeus,1758,Systema Naturae,editio decima,1,p.148;based on "Gambetta" of Aldrovandus,1603-81,and Ray,1713. ("Habitat in Europa").
$[Scolopax] calidris [as Calidris] Linnaeus,1766,Systema Naturae,editio duodecima,tom.1,p.245;based on XXXXXXXX. ("Habitat in Europa";restricted type locality Sweden)
$[Tringa] striata Linnaeus,1766,Systema Naturae,editio duodecima,tom.1,p.248;based on "Le Chevalier rayé" of Brisson,1760. .
$La Gambette Daubenton,1770-83,Planches Enluminées d'Histoire Naturelle,in Buffon,Histoire Naturelle des Oiseaux,8,pl.845.
$Chevalier aux pieds rouges Buffon,1783,Histoire naturelle des oiseaux,7,p.513,pl.28.
$Redshank Latham,1785,A General Synopsis of Birds,3,pt.1,p.150.
$Striated Sandpiper Latham,1785,A General Synopsis of Birds,3,pt.1,p.176.
$Striated Sandpiper,var.a Latham,1785,A General Synopsis of Birds,3,pt.1,p.177.
$Totanus calidris Bechstein,1803,Ornithologisches Taschenbuch von und für Deutschland,2,p.284.
$Gambetta calidris Kaup,1829,Skizzirte Entwicklungs-Geschichte und naturliches system der europaischen Thierwelt,p.54.
$Totanus littoralis C.L.Brehm,1831,Handbuch der Naturgeschichte aller Vögel Deutschlands,p.636. ("Wiesen,Sümpfe und Möraste an der Ostsee".)
$Totanus striatus C.L.Brehm,1831,Handbuch der Naturgeschichte aller Vögel Deutschlands,p.637.
$Totanus graecus C.L.Brehm,1855,Der Vollständige Vogelfang,p.312. (Greece).
$Totanus meridionalis C.L.Brehm,1855,Der Vollständige Vogelfang,p.312. ("Mittelafrika").
$Tringa calidris Adams,1864,Ibis,p.33. (Alexandria).
$Aegialodes calidris [as AEgialodes] Heine & Reichenow,1890,Nomenclator Musei Heineani Ornithologici,p.327.
$Tringa totanus totanus Hartert,1921,Die Vögel der paläarktischen Fauna,Heft XIII-XIV(Feb.),p.1609.
#Tringa totanus ussuriensis {br.sSiberia,Mongolia,E to nChina;winters E.Mediterranean,e.Africa,through Red Sea,Persian Gulf,to wIndia}
<Tringa totanus ussuriensis Buturlin,1934,Polnyi Opredelitel Ptitsy USSR,1,p.88. (Chaivo,Sakhalin.)
$The Chinese Redshank Latham,1785,A General Synopsis of Birds,3,pt.1,p.151.
$Totanus calidris Middendorff,1851,Reise in den äussersten Norden und Osten Sibiriens,Zoologie,p.205. ("Ochotsk",Aug.)
$Tringa fuscus Swinhoe,1866,Ibis,p.295. (Formosa). Not
#Tringa totanus terrignotae {br.China:sManchuria;winters Se & E Asia}
<Tringa totanus terrignotæ Meinertzhagen & Meinertzhagen,1926,Bulletin of the British Ornithological Club,46,p.85.(Koko Nor.).
#Tringa totanus craggi {br.nwChina:nwXinjiang;wintering grounds unknown}
<Tringa totanus craggi Hale,1971,Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society,50,p.259. (YYYYYYXXX)
#Tringa totanus eurhinus {br.Pamirs,nIndia,c&sTibet;winters India}
<Totanus totanus eurhinus Oberholser,1900,Proceedings of the U.S.National Museum,22,p.207. (Tso Moriri Lake,15000 ft.,Ladak.)